Skin pigmentation is a condition that affects people from different race and age. There are different treatments available that can be used to treat skin pigmentation. The following are some of the skin pigmentation.
As you grow old, you are likely to develop age spots. Age spots are also referred to as liver spots. When the body grows old it becomes weak and it is not able to protect the skin from ultraviolet rays. Excessive ultraviolet rays damages the skin leading to the development of skin pigmentation hence age spots.
Age spots can be treated using bleaching creams which helps to lighten the skin. They are readily available over the counter and are cheap.
Hyperpigmentation occurs as a result of excessive production of melanin. Too much melanin is produced when the skin is exposed to excessive sunlight.
Creams can be used to treat Hyperpigmentation and they will work well as compared to other treatments like laser treatment.
Melasma is commonly known to occur on pregnant women or women using oral contraceptives and hormonal replacement therapy. Melasma developed during pregnancy usually disappears after child birth. Melasma can be treated using creams or laser treatment.
Freckles appear when skin is exposed to sunlight and it triggers the production of melanin. Melanin forms a cluster called freckle. They can be treated using bleaching creams.
Birth marks are also one type of skin pigmentation. They appear either before birth or after birth. They can be black or brown. They are treated by use of laser treatment.
This type of skin pigmentation is similar to age spots the difference is that it appears on skins that are lighter. It is a medical issue that results from hyperthyroidism and autoimmune disorder. A doctor’s advice is important before deciding the kind of treatment to use.
This type of skin pigmentation occurs as a result of capillaries bunching together. They can be treated by laser treatment.
Albinism is a genetic condition and person affected by albinism have a pale skin with white or yellow hair and gray eyes. This skin condition is not treatable but a person affected can use sunscreen to protect the skin.
Port Wine Stains
They occur on the face and are usually dark red or purple. They are normally caused by abnormal capillary development. They are harmless and can be treated with laser treatment.
Lichen Simplex Chronicus.
They are caused by a fungal infection and they appear like dark patches on the skin. This skin condition needs treatment because it can result to infection. This type of skin pigmentation is itchy and can cause scarring. Antifungal creams can be used to treat Lichen simplex chronicus after consulting with a doctor.