Generally speaking, skin pigmentation is all about the coloring of one’s skin. Melanin, a substance produced by the body’s skin cells (melanocytes), determines what kind of skin color an individual will exhibit. The color of a person’s skin pigmentation depends mainly on his or her ethnic or racial origin as well as the extent of his or her exposure to the sun’s rays outside.
Usually mentioned when discussing skin pigmentation are skin problems as well as terms like freckles, flat moles, liver spots, brown spots, age spots, sun spots, solar lentigo, actinic keratosis, seborrheic keratosis, port-wine stains, birthmarks, melasma, chloasma, mask of pregnancy, acne scarring, wound scarring, as well as post-inflammatory pigmentation. These all, in one way or another, concern the skin’s coloring. This is due to the fact that skin problems typically appear as skin pigmentation disorders.
Disorders related with skin pigmentation typically result from irregularities in melanin production within the body. Skin cells that are unhealthy or are damaged have an adverse effect on the making of melanin, causing skin pigmentation irregularities.
The entire individual’s body can be affected by skin pigmentation irregularities but they can also surface as small patches only. Hypopigmentation and hyperpigmentation are the two main categories of skin discoloration problems. The first classification, hypopigmentation, is concerned with the irregular reduction of skin color while hyperpigmentation is concerned with irregular increased skin color.
How does hyperpigmentation occur? Excessive production of the skin’s melanin is the major cause of hyperpigmentation. The result is an individual having darker skin pigmentation that is really not their usual skin color. The other name for hyperpigmentation is dyschromia. Hyperpigmentation commonly becomes visible on the face as well as the hands as well as arms.
Classified as types of dyschromia are freckles, liver spots, sun spots, age spots, and melasma. The reasons for dyschromia include heredity, pregnancy, acne, failed skin treatments, Addison’s disease, hormonal changes, as well as sun exposure. Hypopigmentation, on the other hand, makes the skin become lighter than it should be due to decreased melanin making. Reasons for hypopigmentation include Pityriasis alba, blisters, vitiligo, Tinea versicolor, albinism, burns, as well as infections.
Regardless of what type of skin pigmentation problem one has, it commonly makes the person unsatisfied with the skin they have. That is the reason of a lot of individuals who search for the right medical treatments to treat their skin problems. Skin pigmentation disorders can be treated through several ways. Numerous people make use of creams. Such creams help reduce the effects of the skin discoloration. Products that are meant for skin lightening are also used and contain components such as hydroquinone, Vitamin C, retinoids, as well as kojic acid.
A an individual’s skin color is always a major issue when it comes to beauty. That is why it is no surprise that a lot of money and effort are utilized for research and development on treatments for skin pigmentation disorders.