What Does Skin Pigmentation Look Like?
The color of human skin is determined by a component known as melanin. Melanocyte cells are responsible for the production of melanin in the process called melanogenesis. When the skin is exposed to too much sunlight, the body produces more melanin which if exposed to ultraviolet rays leads to the development of skin pigmentation.
The skin is responsible for controlling the amount of ultra violet rays that the body can absorb. The skin is darkened as a result of excessive exposure to sunlight. Skin pigmentation affects people from different background with different skin color and age. Skin pigmentation is therefore the coloration of the skin due to excessive exposure to sunlight.
Skin pigmentation is usually harmless but can cause discomfort to those people affected. Women are the most affected group by this skin condition because of their hormonal imbalance in the body. Some of the skin pigmentations can be treated hence no need to be worried. There are different treatments available and what you need to do is consult a doctor to advise you on the best treatment to use. Different types of pigmentation require different treatment.
There are different types of skin pigmentation and this means that skin pigmentation can appear differently on the skin depending on the type of skin pigmentation affecting an individual.
Malasma is one of the skin pigmentation and is described by dark Hyperpigmentation patches on the face. These patches can appear on the face, nose, cheek, lip and forehead. Melasma can be either dermal Melasma or epidermal Melasma. Dermal Melasma affects the inner layer of the skin while epidermal Melasma affects the outer layer of the skin. Melasma is more common in women than men.
Sever, itchy and dark patched on the skin can be a sign of skin pigmentation called lichen simplex chronicus. This condition if not treated can easily cause infections.
Red or purple marks on the skins can be a skin pigmentation called port-wine stains. This skin pigmentation is caused by abnormal development of capillaries.
White patches on the skin are a sign of Vitiligo which is a skin pigmentation that occurs on people with white skin. It is caused by autoimmune disorder and hyperthyroidism.
Albinism is also skin pigmentation which is described by pale skin with grey eyes and white or yellow hair. This condition is not treatable.
Dark skin can be Hyperpigmentation which results from excessive production of melanin. Excessive melanin is produced when the skin is exposed to too much sunlight.